By John S. Koliopoulos, Thanos M. Veremis
"...Meticulously researched...Thoroughly documented with copious footnotes, a shronology, and wide bibliography, this paintings is usually recommended for tutorial libraries."
Focusing on questions that search to light up very important points of the Greek phenomenon, this contemporary historical past of Greece is geared up round issues equivalent to politics, associations, society, ideology, overseas coverage, geography, and tradition. Making transparent their predilection for the rules that encouraged the founding fathers of the Greek kingdom, Koliopoulos and Veremis juxtapose those rules to modern practices, and description the ensuing tensions in Greek society because it enters the hot millenium.
Challenging validated notions and stereotypes that experience disfigured Greek background, Greece: a contemporary Sequel is intended to inspire a clean examine the rustic and its humans. within the approach, a portrait of a brand new Greece emerges: glossy, varied, and strong.
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Additional resources for Greece: The Modern Sequel - From 1831 to the present
They in turn chose the électeurs who selected the deputies to the new Legislative Assembly and other officials. 62 It was from among the électeurs that jurors had to be chosen. 63 The issues raised by Robespierre in the debates over who should be jurors The “Palladium of Liberty” and what authorities should choose them would resonate down through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Here again, the Revolution set a controversial precedent. Succeeding regimes changed the qualifications for jury service and the authorities (prefects or other appointees of the central government, locally elected officials, judges) who drew up annual and ses- 33 sion jury lists.
The Constituent Assembly’s introduction of the jury in 1791 marked a sharp break with French legal tradition. The jury was at the core of a fundamental overhaul of the nation’s criminal justice system. In the preceding centuries, the inquisitorial or “romano-canonical” criminal procedure, in which accused persons and witnesses were examined in secret by professional judges only, had prevailed in France. 1 Before the thirteenth century, the use of laymen in courts was widespread in France, just as it had been in England.
85 Another major problem in the opinion of governments and magistrates was the frequency with which juries acquitted persons accused of ordinary crimes. No published nationwide statistics on acquittals and convictions by juries appeared until 1825. But data compiled for twenty-one of the departments show that in most of them, acquittal rates ranged between about 40 and 50 percent. 86 A crisis point was reached during the years of the Directory. This period of political and economic chaos was accompanied by a serious revival of brigandage in the countryside, and France suffered what may well have been its worst outbreak of crime in modern times.